The University of Arizona

Resources for Animal Users

Report Misconduct

University Ethics and Compliance Hotline:


Information for new PIs

Accreditation information

Description of the animal care and use program for grants

Setting up a lab to perform animal activities

Animal health and safety

  • IACUC Office: 520-626-5304, 520-626-1247, 520-626-9071
  • University Animal Care
  • University Animal Care on-call veterinarian - Telephone numbers are posted in each University Animal Care animal facility

Human health and safety

Veterinary resources

Resources for wildlife researchers

American Society for Mammalogists

The Ornithological Council

The American Fisheries Society

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists

American Society of Primatologists

Signs of mouse pain and distress

The following article describes the development of the "mouse grimace scale", which is a method for determining levels of pain by examining facial expressions. The article includes clear pictures and descriptions of the facial expressions:

Langford, Bailey, Chanda, et al., (2010). Coding of facial expressions of pain in the laboratory mouse. Nature Methods, 7:447-449.

The following article describes methods for determining the health status of mice, and provides guidance on establishing study endpoints based on health status:

Ullman-Culleré and Foltz (1999). Body condition scoring: a rapid and accurate method for assessing health status in mice. Laboratory Animal Science, 49:319-323.

The articles can be accessed through E-Journals at the University of Arizona library.